Hurricanes, cyclones, and typhoons are all the same weather phenomenon; we just use different names for these storms in different places. In the Atlantic and Northeast Pacific, the term “hurricane” is used. The same type of disturbance in the Northwest Pacific is called a “typhoon” and “cyclones” occur in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean.
So location is the difference, but that also means there are other location-related differences. For instance, typhoons are more frequent and more powerful on average because of the Pacific’s warm water. Both hurricanes and typhoons can rotate clockwise or counter-clockwise, depending on whether they form in the southern or northern hemisphere. Here’s a handy comparison from Diffen.